Employers have a number of important obligations when it comes to employees who become incapacitated for work due to illness.
For example, an employer is required by law to continue to pay wages during illness. An employer must ensure that the employee reintegrates into work so that the employee can return to the work process in due course. An employer must be assisted in this by an occupational health service or company doctor. The sick employee is also expected to make every effort to reintegrate into work.
For both the employer and the employee, sanctions can be expected if these obligations are not met. A wage penalty can be imposed on an employer. An employee who does not meet his or her reintegration obligations can be denied the right to wages and in exceptional cases even be dismissed.
In principle, an employer can dismiss a sick employee after two years of incapacity for work. In that case, there is a dismissal due to long-term incapacity for work.